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VOA慢速:海地全力解决粮食安全问题

发布时间:2010-04-14 15:40  浏览:2726 次  已上传6个录音

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This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.
Spring is the time when farmers in Haiti plant about sixty percent of their crops.
But this spring is a struggle with disaster.
The January twelfth earthquake flattened much of Haiti's capital and surrounding areas.
It left more than two hundred thousand people dead and about a million homeless.
International recovery plans include helping Haiti expand food production.
But many farmers lost their tools in the quake. Landslides buried equipment.
And now seasonal rains do not make the situation any easier. The rains continue through May and June.
Many farmers need money for seeds and fertilizer.
Sabine Wilke of the aid group CARE says many also lack the money to hire help to prepare the land.
"For the planting, they also need local labor.
And since they do not have enough money to hire people, the work will simply not be done."
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization says it has delivered tools and seeds to thousands of families in the earthquake area.
The quake was centered near Port-au-Prince. An estimated six hundred thousand people left for the countryside.
Experts say it will be difficult to feed them. Food prices are high,
and many people fled the capital with only the clothes they were wearing.
Gerald Murray at the University of Florida is an expert on Haiti.
Professor Murray says many rural families have taken in relatives and friends who lost homes and jobs.
"There may be enough to eat for a while," he says, "but before too long there may be hunger."
Farming is about sixty percent of Haiti's economy. But most food comes from imports.
Before the earthquake, the Haitian government and private groups were working to improve agriculture.
Deforestation has traditionally been a major problem for farmers.
Few trees remain to protect soil from floods, droughts and severe storms.
In the sixteen hundreds Haiti's French colonizers cleared forests to plant sugar cane.
In the nineteen fifties, forests were cut down for wood and other products.
Poor technology and poor roads also reduced agricultural production. So did animal and plant diseases.
Farmers moved to cities to do other work.
Professor Murray says the average farm in Haiti measures about one or one and a half hectares.
And the fields are commonly divided between level ground and a mountainside.
And that's the VOA Special English Agriculture Report, written by Jerilyn Watson with additional reporting by Steve Baragona. I'm Bob Doughty.

[参考译文]
这里是VOA 特别英语农业报道。
春季,海地农民要种植60%的作物。
但是今年春天,他们则要与灾难抗争。
1 月20 日的地震将海地首都大部分和周边地区夷为平地。
地震造成20 多万人死亡,大约100 万人无家可归。
国际复苏计划中包括帮助海地增加粮食产量。
但是许多农民在地震中失去了工具。农业设施被山体滑坡吞没。
雨季的到来没有使形势更加乐观。雨季将持续至五月份和六月份。
许多农民需要钱来购买种子和肥料。
全球救助合作组织CARE 工作人员Sabine Wilke 表示,许多人还缺少足够资金雇佣劳动力来耕作。
SABINE WILKE:“对于种植来说,他们需要当地劳动力。
由于没有足够的钱来雇工,这些工作难以进行。”
联合国粮农组织表示,他们已经向震区数千个家庭分发了工具和种子。
这次地震中心位于太子港附近。大约60 万人逃至农村。
专家表示,要供养这些人也非常困难。粮食价格非常高,
许多人逃离首都时身无长物。
佛罗里达大学的Gerald Murray 是海地问题专家。
Murray 教授表示,许多农村家庭接纳了失去家园和工作的亲戚朋友。
“可能当时有足够的食物,但是用不了多久就会出现饥饿现象。”
农业占据整个海地经济的60%。但是大部分食物来源于进口。
地震之前,海地政府和私人组织一直致力于促进农业发展。
对于农民来说,滥伐森林一直是一个重大问题。
没有树木来保护水土流失,防止干旱和暴雨。
17 世纪,海地的法国殖民者砍伐森林来种植甘蔗。
20 世纪50 年代,森林被砍伐用作木料和其他产品。
落后的技术和崎岖的道路也阻碍了农业生产。动物和植物疾病也是如此。
农民开始转移到城市从事其他工作。
Murray 教授表示,海地人均土地面积大约是1 或者1.5 公顷。
这些田地通常分为平地和山坡地。
这里是VOA 特别英语农业报道。编辑Steve Baragona. 我是Bob Doughty.

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