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国际油价还有多少上涨空间

上传时间:2011-04-17 07:52   录音时长:1分20秒

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资料原文 |

This is the VOA Special English Economics Report.
Unrest in North Africa and the Middle East has pushed oil prices back into the news.
Prices have been rising at their fastest level since two thousand eight.
Libya is not among the ten largest oil exporters.
But the rebellion against Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi has reduced production, affecting the global market.
This month, oil prices rose above one hundred dollars a barrel.
Prices went above one hundred forty-five dollars a barrel in two thousand eight.
The price of oil affects prices and demand for energy, plastics, farm chemicals and many other products made with petroleum.
During the last week of February, Americans paid the second biggest weekly increase in gasoline prices in twenty years.
This young woman has to drive a long way to school, so high gas prices mean less money for other things.
The United States has a Strategic Petroleum Reserve that contains more than seven hundred million barrels of oil.
President Obama could use some of this emergency supply to help ease fuel prices.
But intervening in the market could hurt oil production in the United States.
Oil prices have been rising at a bad time, just as many economies have been recovering from the global recession.
Also, several countries in the euro area are still struggling with debt crises.
European Central Bank President Jean-Claude Trichet said last week that "strong vigilance" is needed to contain inflation.
That could mean raising interest rates which could hurt European countries heavily in debt.
In the United States, higher fuel prices come just as General Motors and Chrysler show signs of recovery after their reorganizations.
American car sales last month were twenty-seven percent higher than last February.
GM led all carmakers with a forty-seven percent increase.
High fuel prices reduce demand for big cars and trucks.
But economist George Magliano says this time, high prices may be good for carmakers.



[参考译文]
这里是VOA特别英语经济报道。
北非和中东的动荡导致石油价格回升到新的高度。
石油价格正在以自2008年以来最快的速度上涨。
利比亚并不是十大石油出口国之一。
但是反对利比亚领袖卡扎菲上校的叛乱活动导致产量降低,影响了全球市场。
本月,石油价格上涨到每桶100美元以上。
2008年,国际油价曾一度上涨到每桶145美元以上。
石油价格影响了能源,塑料,农用化学品和其他许多需要石油制造的产品的价格和需求。
二月份的最后一个星期,美国汽油价格一周之内的上涨幅度达到二十年来的第二位。
这名年轻的女子必须驾车很长的路程去学校,所以,汽油价格上涨意味着用于购买其他东西的钱减少。
美国拥有超过7亿桶石油的战略石油储备(Strategic Petroleum Reserve)。
奥巴马总统可以动用这些紧急石油供应来缓解燃料价格的上涨。
但是干预市场会危害美国的石油生产。
这次石油价格上涨发生在形势非常困难的时期,许多经济体正在从全球衰退中复苏。
同时,欧元区的几个国家正在债务危机中苦苦挣扎。
欧洲中央银行行长特里谢(Jean-Claude Trichet)上周表示,必须采取“高度警戒”来控制通胀。
这意味着要提高利率,而提高利率会进一步伤害已经负债累累的欧洲国家。
在美国,燃料价格上涨之际,通用汽车和克莱斯勒公司经过重组之后刚刚表现出复苏的迹象。
上月,美国汽车销售量比去年2月份上涨了27%。
通用汽车位于所有汽车制造商之首,销量上涨了47%。
燃料价格上涨导致对大型汽车和卡车的需求量减少。
但是经济学家George Magliano表示,这次石油价格上涨对汽车制造商来说可能是好事。

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