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VOA慢速新闻:职业学院面临联邦学生救助金测试

上传时间:2010-12-14 10:25   录音时长:0分0秒

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资料原文 |

This is the VOA Special English Education Report.
President Obama wants the United States to have the world's highest rate of college graduates.
But his administration also wants stronger rules for colleges that operate for profit.
Career colleges receive billions of dollars from taxpayers through student loans.
The Education Department says some of that goes to waste and leaves students in debt for educations of little or no value.
To receive federal aid, career colleges must prepare students for what the law calls "gainful employment" in a recognized occupation.
Two tests are proposed to see if they do.
One would measure the relationship between debt loads and how much students earn after they complete a program.
The other would measure the rate at which all students repay their loans, whether they complete the program or not.
Programs that fail these tests could be restricted or blocked from federal student aid.
The Education Department says for-profit colleges and training programs are important.
In two thousand eight they had close to two million students -- nearly three times more than in two thousand.
Last year, the five largest received more than three-fourths of their money from federal student aid.
And that amount did not include other forms of government aid.



[参考译文]
这里是VOA 特别英语教育报道。
奥巴马总统希望美国的大学毕业生比率成为世界上首位。
但是奥巴马政府同时希望对以营利为目的的大学进行更有力的调控。
职业学院每年通过学生贷款收到纳税人数十亿美元。
教育部表示,其中一些贷款浪费掉了,使学生为几乎没有价值的教育而背负沉重的债务。
为了收到联邦救助,职业学院必须使学生做好准备,能够在一个公认的行业得到“有利可图的职业”。
有两项测试用来检测他们是否达到标准。
其中一项将测试债务负担和学生完成一个项目之后所赚的钱之间的关系。
另外一个测试检测所有学生的还款率,他们是否完成了学业项目。
未通过这些测试的项目将受到限制,或者被禁止获得联邦学生救助金。
教育部表示,以营利为目的的学院和训练项目非常重要。
2008 年,这些学校有200 万名学生——比2000 年多了接近三倍。
去年,五个最大的学校超过四分之三的资金来自联邦学生救助金。
而该数字还不包括其他形式的联邦救助。

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